SSC CGL Syllabus 2023 For Tier 1 and 2 Exams, Detailed explanation

SSC CGL Syllabus 2023: SSC CGL Syllabus 2023 is released by the Staff Selection Commission along with the official notification. Every year, the Staff Selection Commission organizes the Combined Graduate Level (CGL) exam to give a chance to lakhs of aspirants to apply for government jobs. A thorough understanding of the SSC CGL syllabus 2023 is an extremely crucial milestone on the road to clearing the CGL exam.

SSC CGL exam pattern 2023

Staff Selection Commission (SSC) conducts SSC CGL 2023 Combined Graduate Level (CGL) Examination in two different Tiers namely Tier 1 and Tier 2. While SSC CGL Tier 1 and Tier 2 are conducted in Online Mode. SSC CGL Syllabus PDF for Maths, English, General Awareness and Reasoning helps aspirants know what the exam is about and to start their preparations by going in the right direction.

Age Limit

Permissible relaxation in upper age limit for different categories in accordance with extant Rules/ guidelines of Government of India are as under:

Code No. Category Age-relaxation permissible beyond the upper age limit
01 SC/ ST 5 years
02 OBC 3 years
03 PwBD (Unreserved) 10 years
04 PwBD (OBC) 13 years
05 PwBD (SC/ ST) 15 years
06 Ex-Servicemen (ESM) 03 years after deduction of the military service rendered from the actual age as on closing date of receipt of online application.

Essential Educational Qualifications

1. Assistant Audit Officer/Assistant Accounts Officer

Essential Qualifications- Bachelor’s Degree from a recognized University or Institute. Desirable Qualifications-Chartered Accountant or Cost & Management Accountant or Company Secretary or Masters in Commerce or Masters in Business Studies or Masters in Business Administration (Finance) or Masters in Business Economics.

2. Junior Statistical Officer

Bachelor’s Degree in any subject from a recognized University or Institute with at least 60% Marks in Mathematics at 12th standard level Or Bachelor’s Degree in any subject with Statistics as one of the subjects at degree level.

3. Statistical Investigator Grade-II

Bachelor’s Degree in any subject with Statistics as one of the subjects from a recognized University or Institute. The candidates must have studied Statistics as a subject in all the three years or all the 6 semesters of the graduation course.

4. All other Posts

Bachelor’s Degree from a recognized University or equivalent.

SSC CGL Syllabus 2023 – Tiers of Exam

The SSC CGL exam syllabus is divided into two phases which are commonly known as Tier – I and Tier- II. Tier 1 and Tier 2 of the SSC CGL 2023 are conducted online. The SSC CGL Tier 1 exam is qualifying in nature whereas final selection is based on the SSC CGL Tier 2 Exam. SSC CGL exam pattern 2023 is explained in the table below:

TIER TYPE MODE
Tire - 1 Objective Multiple Choice Computer-Based (online)
Tier – 2 ( paper - I, II, III) Paper I (Compulsory for all posts)
Paper II for candidates who apply for the posts of Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation and Paper III for candidates who apply for the posts of Assistant Audit Officer / Assistant Accounts Officer. Objective Type, Multiple choice questions, except for Module-II of Section-III of Paper-I
Computer-Based (online)

Scheme of Tier-I Examination:

Tier Subject Number of Questions Maximum Marks Time allowed
I A. General Intelligence and Reasoning 25 50 1 hour (1 hour and 20 minutes for the candidates eligible for scribe as per Para)
B. General Awareness 25 50
C. Quantitative Aptitude 25 50
D. English Comprehension 25 50

Scheme of Tier-II Examination:

The SSC CGL Tier 2 Exam is the merit-deciding tier of SSC CGL 2023. We have tabulated below the subject-wise maximum marks and weightage for the Tier 2 Exam

Tier Paper Session Subject Number of Questions Maximum Marks Time allowed
II Paper-I Session-I
(2 hours and 15 minutes)
Section-I
Module-I: Mathematical Abilities
Module-II: Reasoning and General Intelligence.

30
30
Total = 60

60*3 = 180
1 hour
(For each section) (1 hours and 20 minutes for the candidates eligible for scribe as per Para-7.1, 7.2 and 7.3)
Section-II
Module-I: English Language and Comprehension
Module-II: General Awareness

45
25
Total = 70

70*3 = 210
Section-III
Module-I: EComputer Knowledge Module
20
20*3 = 60
15 Minutes
(For each module) (20 minutes for the candidates eligible for scribe as per Para-7.1, 7.2 and 7.3)
Session-II
(15 minutes)
Section-III
Module-II: Data Entry Speed Test Module
One Data Entry Task -
Paper-II Statistics 100 100*2 = 200 2 hours (For each Paper)
(2 hours and 40 minutes for the candidates eligible for scribe as per Para-7.1, 7.2 and 7.3)
Paper-III General Studies (Finance and Economics) 100 100*2 = 200
  • Tier-II will include conducting of Paper-I, Paper-II and Paper-III in separate shift(s)/ day(s).
  • Paper-I is compulsory for all the posts.
  • Paper-II will be for only those candidates who apply for the posts of Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation and Statistical Investigator Grade-II in the office of Registrar General of India (M/o Home Affairs) and who are shortlisted in Tier-I for these Posts.
  • Paper-III will be for only those candidates who are shortlisted in Tier-I for Paper-III i.e. for the posts of Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer.

SSC CGL Syllabus for Tier 1 Exam

SSC CGL 2023 Tier 1 exam comprises 100 questions in total with a maximum mark of 200. The duration of SSC CGL Tier 1 is of 60 minutes. SSC CGL Tier I is divided into four sections with 25 questions each and maximum marks of 50.

The sections asked in the SSC CGL syllabus Tier I Exam are:

  • General knowledge
  • Quantitative Aptitude
  • General Reasoning
  • English Comprehension

The Topic-wise Syllabus of Tier 1 is given in Table below:

Quantitative Aptitude

There are a lot of topics from basic and advanced mathematics that are covered in the Quantitative aptitude section of the SSC CGL syllabus.

Computation of whole numbers Percentage Triangle Bar diagram & Pie chart
Decimals Ratio & Proportion Quadrilaterals Hemispheres
Fractions Square roots Regular Polygons Rectangular Parallelepiped
Relationships between numbers Averages Right Prism Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base
Profit and Loss Simple Interest & compound interest Right Circular Cone Trigonometric ratio
Discount Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds Right Circular Cylinder Degree and Radian Measures
Partnership Business/td> Graphs of Linear Equations Sphere Standard Identities
Mixture and Allegation Triangle and its various kinds of centres Heights and Distances Complementary angles
Time and distanc Congruence and similarity of triangles Histogram
Time & Work Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles Frequency polygon

General Intelligence and Reasoning

SSC CGL Reasoning syllabus includes both verbal and non-verbal reasoning. In this section, there are a total of 25 questions carrying 50 marks in total

Analogies Analysis Discrimination Arithmetic number series
Similarities and differences Judgment Observation Non-verbal series
Space visualization Blood Relations Relationship concepts Coding and decoding
Spatial orientation Decision making Arithmetical reasoning Statement conclusion
Problem-solving Visual memory Figural classification Syllogistic reasoning

English Language

The SSC CGL syllabus of Tier 1 English will contain 25 questions carrying 50 marks in total. Out of all the sections in the Tier 1 exam, this section is only going to be in English only.

One Word substitution Error Spotting Reading Comprehension Sentence Rearrangement
Phrases and Idioms Fill in the Blanks Synonyms- Antonyms Sentence Improvement
Sentence Correction Spellings Correction Active Passive Cloze test

General Awareness

The syllabus of SSC CGL General Awareness is not something that can be mastered in a day but from an exam point of view, if consistently spend time, candidate can perform well in relatively less time then Quantitative aptitude.

India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research India and its neighbouring countries Current Affairs Sports Important Days
Science Books and Authors Important Schemes People in News

SSC CGL Syllabus 2023 For Tier 2

SSC GCL Tier 2 exam will be conducted online comprising 3 papers-

  • Paper I (Compulsory for all posts)
  • Paper II for candidates who apply for the posts of Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation
  • and Paper III for candidates who apply for the posts of Assistant Audit Officer / Assistant Accounts Officer.

Objective Type, Multiple choice questions, except for Module-II of Section-III of Paper-I

Module-I of Session-I of Paper-I (Mathematical Abilities):

Computation of whole numbers Percentage Triangle Bar diagram & Pie chart
Decimals Ratio & Proportion Quadrilaterals Hemispheres
Fractions Square roots Regular Polygons Rectangular Parallelepiped
Relationships between numbers Averages Right Prism Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base
Profit and Loss Simple Interest & compound interest Right Circular Cone Trigonometric ratio
Discount Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds Right Circular Cylinder Degree and Radian Measures
Partnership Business Graphs of Linear Equations Sphere Standard Identities
Mixture and Allegation Triangle and its various kinds of centres Heights and Distances Complementary angles
Time and distance Congruence and similarity of triangles Histogram Pie chart
Time & Work Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles Frequency polygon Bar diagram

Module-II of Section-I of Paper-I (Reasoning and General Intelligence)

Semantic Analogy Space Orientation Semantic Classification Punched hole/ pattern-folding & unfolding Figural Series
Symbolic operations Venn Diagrams Semantic Series Critical Thinking
Symbolic/Number Analogy Symbolic/ Number Classification Figural Pattern folding and completion Problem Solvin
Trends Drawing inferences Number Series Emotional Intelligence
Figural Analogy Figural Classification Embedded figures Word Building
Social Intelligence Coding and de-coding Numerical operations Questions of both verbal and non-verbal types
Spot the error Antonyms One Word Substitution Conversion into Direct/Indirect narration
Fill in the blanks Spelling/ detecting misspelt words Improvement of sentences Shuffling of sentence parts
Synonyms dioms & Phrases Active/ passive voice of verbs Shuffling of sentences in a passag
Cloze passage Comprehension passage Shuffling of sentences in a passage

Module-I of Section-II of Paper-I (English Language And Comprehension):

Spot the error Antonyms One Word Substitution Conversion into Direct/Indirect narration
Fill in the blanks Spelling/ detecting misspelt words Improvement of sentences Shuffling of sentence parts
Synonyms dioms & Phrases Active/ passive voice of verbs Shuffling of sentences in a passag
Cloze passage Comprehension passage Shuffling of sentences in a passage

To test comprehension, three or more paragraphs will be given and questions based on those will be asked. At least one paragraph should be a simple one based on a book or a story and the other two paragraphs should be on current affairs, based on a report or an editorial.

Module-II of Section-II of Paper-I (General Awareness)

India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research India and its neighbouring countries Current Affairs Sports Important Days
Science Books and Authors Important Schemes People in News

Module-I of Section-III of Paper-I(Computer Proficiency)

Computer Basics: Organization of a computer, Central Processing Unit (CPU), Input/ Output devices, computer memory, memory organization, back- up devices, PORTs, Windows Explorer. Keyboard shortcuts.

Software: Windows Operating system including basics of Microsoft Office like MS word, MS Excel and Power Point etc.

Working with Internet and e-mails: Web Browsing & Searching, Downloading & Uploading, Managing an E-mail Account, e-Banking.

Basics of networking and cyber security: Networking devices and protocols, Network and information security threats (like hacking, virus, worms, Trojan etc.) and preventive measures.

Paper-II (Statistics)

  1. Collection, Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data –Primary and Secondary data, Methods of data collection; Tabulation of data; Graphs and charts; Frequency distributions; Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions.
  2. Measures of Central Tendency – Common measures of central tendency – mean median and mode; Partition values- quartiles, deciles, percentiles.
  3. Measures of Dispersion- Common measures dispersion – range, quartile deviations, mean deviation and standard deviation; Measures of relative. dispersion
  4. Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis – Different types of moments and their relationship; meaning of skewness and kurtosis; different measures of skewness and kurtosis.
  5. Correlation and Regression – Scatter diagram; simple correlation coefficient; simple regression lines; Spearman’s rank correlation; Measures of association of attributes; Multiple regression; Multiple and partial correlation (For three variables only).
  6. Probability Theory – Meaning of probability; Different definitions of probability; Conditional probability; Compound probability; Independent events; Bayes‟ theorem.
  7. Random Variable and Probability Distributions – Random variable; Probability functions; Expectation and Variance of a random variable; Higher moments of a random variable; Binomial, Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions; Joint distribution of two random variable (discrete).
  8. Sampling Theory – Concept of population and sample; Parameter and statistic, Sampling and non-sampling errors; Probability and nonprobability sampling techniques (simple random sampling, stratified sampling, multistage sampling, multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling, purposive sampling, convenience sampling and quota sampling); Sampling distribution (statement only); Sample size decisions.
  9. Statistical Inference – Point estimation and interval estimation, Properties of a good estimator, Methods of estimation (Moments method, Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method), Testing of hypothesis, Basic concept of testing, Small sample and large sample tests, Tests based on Z, t, Chi-square and F statistic, Confidence intervals.
  10. Analysis of Variance – Analysis of one-way classified data and two-way classified data.
  11. Time Series Analysis – Components of time series, Determinations of trend component by different methods, Measurement of seasonal variation by different methods
  12. Index Numbers – Meaning of Index Numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Types of an index number, Different formulae, Base shifting and splicing of index numbers, Cost of living Index Numbers, Uses of Index Numbers.

Paper-III (General Studies-Finance and Economics)

This section of the SSC CGL Tier 2 Syllabus is divided into 2 parts Finance & Accounts and Economics & Governance for which the sub-topics are detailed below:

Part A: Finance and Accounts - (80 marks):

Financial Accounting

Nature and scope Limitations of Financial Accounting Basic concepts and Conventions Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
Single and double entry Journal, ledgers Manufacturing Sheet Balance
Books of Original Entry Trial Balance Trading and Self Balancing Ledgers Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure
Bank Reconciliation Rectification of Errors Profit & Loss Appropriation Accounts Depreciation Accounting
Valuation of Inventories Non-profit organizations Accounts Receipts and Payments and Income & Expenditure Accounts Bills of Exchange

Part B: Economics and Governance - (120 marks):

1. Comptroller & Auditor General of India- Constitutional provisions, Role and responsibility

2. Finance Commission-Role and functions.

3. Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Micro Economics.

Definition Scope and nature of Economics Methods of economic study Central problems of an economy Production possibilities curve

4. Theory of Demand and Supply

Meaning and determinants of demand Income and cross elasticity Meaning and determinants of supply
Law of demand and Elasticity of demand Theory of consumer’s behaviour Law of supply
Price Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach The elasticity of Supply

5. Theory of Production and cost

  • Meaning and Factors of production
  • Laws of production- Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.

6. Forms of Market and price determination in different markets

Definition Scope and nature of Economics Methods of economic study Central problems of an economy Production possibilities curve

7. Theory of Demand and Supply

Various forms of markets - Perfect Competition Monopoly Monopolistic Competition Oligopoly Price determination in these markets

8. Indian Economy

  • Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectors, Role of Agriculture, Industry and Services-their problems and growth
  • National Income of India-Concepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income.
  • Population-Its size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth.
  • Poverty and unemployment- Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment.
  • Infrastructure-Energy, Transportation, Communication.

9. Economic Reforms in India

Economic reforms since 1991 Liberalisation Privatisation Globalisation Disinvestment

10. Money and Banking:

  • Monetary/ Fiscal policy- Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; functions of commercial Banks/RRB/Payment Banks.
  • Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments.
  • Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003.
  • Role of Information Technology in Governance.

Note: Questions in Module-I of Section- I of Paper-I (Mathematical Abilities) will be of Matriculation Level, in Module-I of Section- II of Paper-I (English Language and Comprehension) of 10+2 Level and in Paper-II and Paper-III of Graduation Level.