Introduction

Meaning of Environment

  • The literal meaning of environment is the 'surrounding of an object'.
  • The root world 'environ' of environment is a French word meaning 'surround' or 'encircle'. Thus, anything that surrounds us is collectively known as environment.

Elements of Environment

  • The environment consists of two elements— Physical & Biological environment.

1. Physical/ Abiotic/Non-living Environment: The non-living environment is called Physical Environment. The Physical environment comprises the land, water and air.

2. Biological/Biotic/Living Environment: The living environment is called Biological Environment. The biological environment comprises flora (plants) and fauna (animals & other organism).

Subject-matter of Environment

  • Environment is an overlapping area or subject-matter of Arts, Science & Commerce. It is a multi-disciplinary subject (discipline).
  • It studies the interaction between physical environment and biological environment and provides guidelines for the way forward.
  • For convenience to study, Environment is broadly divided into 4 chapters.

1. Lithosphere, Hydrosphere & Atmosphere.

2. Ecolog: Study/Science of Biosphere.

3. Biodiversity, and environmental Issues / Problems and Their Management / Measures: Pollution, Biodiversity Loss & Climate Change.

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