Census - Population, Literacy, Sex Ratio

  • Census 2011 was the 15th census of its kind since 1872. It was held in two phases: House listing and Housing Census (April to September, 2010) and Population Enumeration (February 9 to 28, 2011 with Revisional round during 1st to 5th March, 2011). Reference Date was 0.00 hour of March 1, 2011. In Snow bound areas, the Population Enumeration was conducted from September 11 to 30, 2010. The Final Population data was released on April 30, 2013.

Population

  • The population of India as on March 1, 2011 stood at, 210.9 million (623.2 million males and 587.6 million females). India accounts for a meagre 2.4% of the world surface area of 135.79 million sq. km.
  • The population, which at the turn of the twentieth century was around 238.4 million, increased to reach1, 210.9 million by 2011. As recorded at each decennial census from 1901 the population has grown steadily except for a decrease during 1911-21.

Population Density

  • It is defined as the number of persons per sq. km. The population density of India in 2011 was 382 per sq. km-decadal growth 17.72%.
  • Among major states, Bihar is the most thickly populated state with a population density of 1,106 persons per sq. km followed by West Bengal 1,028 and Kerala 860.​​​​​​​

Population of India, States and UTs (Census 2011)

India - 1,21, 08, 54, 977

Uttar Pradesh

19,98,12,341

Jammu and Kashmir

1,25,41,302

Maharashtra

11,23,74,333

Uttarakhand

1,00,86,292

Bihar

10,40,99,452

Himachal Pradesh

68,64,602

West Bengal

9,12,76,115

Tripura

36,73,917

Meghalaya

29,66,889

Andhra Pradesh (including Telangana)

8,45,80,777

Madhya Pradesh

7,26,26,809

Tamil Nadu

7,21,47,030

Manipur

27,21,756

Rajasthan

6,85,48,437

Nagaland

19,78,502

Karnataka

6,10,95,297

Goa

14,58,545

Gujarat

6,04,39,692

Arunachal Pradesh

13,83,727

Odisha

4,19,74,218

Puducherry

12,47,953

Kerala

3,34,06,061

Mizoram

10,97,206

Jharkhand

3,29,88,134

Chandigarh

10,55,450

Assam

3,12,05,576

Sikkim

6,10,577

Punjab

2,77,43,338

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

3,80,581

Chhattisgarh

2,55,45,198

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

3,43,709

Haryana

2,53,51,462

Daman and Diu

2,43,247

Delhi*

1,67,87,941

Lakshadweep

64,473

Note: After Telangana's birth as the 29th state of India

Population of Andhra Pradesh - 4, 96, 65,533

Population of Telangana - 3, 52, 86,757

Top 10 Most Populous Countries

(As on July 1, 2022)

S.

Country

Population

S.

Country

Population

1

China

1,410,539,758

6

Nigeria

225,082,083

2

India

1,389,637,446

7

Brazil

217,240,060

3

United States

332,838,183

8

Bangladesh

165,650,475

4

Indonesia

277,329,163

9

Russia

142,021,981

5

Pakistan

242,923,845

10

Mexico

129,150,971

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, International Data Base

Sex Ratio

  • Sex ratio, defined as the number of females per thousand males is an important social indicator to measure the extent of prevailing equality between males and females in a society at a given point of time. The sex ratio in the country has always remained unfavorable to females. It was 972 at the beginning of the twentieth century and there after showed continuous decline until 1941. The sex ratio from 1901-2011 has registered a 10 point increase at census 2011 over 2001; however, child sex ratio has declined to 919 per thousand male.

Literacy

  • For the purpose of census 2011, a person aged seven and above, who can both read and write with understanding in any language, is treated as literate. A person, who can only read but cannot write, is not literate. In the censuses prior to 1991, children below five years of age were necessarily treated as illiterates.
  • The results of 2011 census reveal that there has been an increase in literacy in the country. The literacy rate in the country is 73.0%, 80.9% for males and 64.6 for females.
  • Kerala retained its position by being on top with a 94% literacy rate, closely followed by Lakshadweep (91.9%). Bihar with a literacy rate of 61.8% ranks last in the country. Kerala also occupies the top spot in the country both in male literacy with 96.1% and female literacy with 92.1%. On the contrary, Bihar has recorded the lowest literacy rates both in case of males (71.2%) and females (51.5%).

Union Territories: Facts and Figures (Census 2011)

UT

Capital

Area in Sq km

Population

Puducherry

Pondicherry

490

12,47,953

Chandigarh

Chandigarh

114

10,55,450

Andaman & Nicobar

Port Blair

8,249

3,80,581

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

Silvassa

491

3,43,709

Daman & Diu

 Daman

111

2,43,247

Lakshadweep

Kavaratti

30

64,473

National Capital Territory / Region (Census 2011)

State

Capital

Area

Population

Delhi

Delhi

1483 Sq Km

1,67,87,491

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